Semester Offering: January

The earthquake has wide range effects and can be devastating to people. To effectively minimize the earthquake disasters, its mitigation concept is inevitably involved in many braches of sciences.  The course provides the essential knowledge on the natures and evaluations of each earthquakes impact including ground shaking, earthquake-induced landslide, liquefaction and tsunami. Consequently, the course introduces the measures, emergency response and recovery plans, strategies for protection and loss estimation and risk and vulnerability analysis against these disasters.


Basic Seismology; Seismic Hazard Assessment; Earthquake-Induced Landslides; Liquefaction; Tsunamis; Emergency Responses and Recovery; Strategies for Earthquake Protection; Strategies for Earthquake Protection; Improving Earthquake Resistance of Buildings; Loss Estimation; Risk and Vulnerability Analysis.




I. Basic Seismology

1.Internal Structure of the Earth
2.Plate Tectonics
4.Elastic Rebound Theory
5.Other Sources of Earthquakes
6.Seismic Wave Propagation
7.Attenuation of Waves
8.Earthquake Magnitude
9.Ground Shaking Intensity
10.Estimation of Ground Motion Parameters
11.Local Site Effects

II. Seismic Hazard Assessment

1.Geological Evidence
2.Historical Seismicity
3.Instrumental Seismicity
4.Modelling of Earthquake Sources
5.Modelling of Ground Motion Attenuation
6.Probabilistic & Deterministic Seismic Hazard Analysis
7.Seismic Hazard Maps and their uses for Earthquake Disaster Mitigation

III. Earthquake-Induced Landslides

1.Types of Earthquake-Induced Landslides
2.Evaluation of Slope Stability
3.Remediation Measures

IV. Liquefaction

1.Effects of Liquefaction (Sand Boils, Settlement, 2.Foundation Failures, Lateral Spreading)
3.Evaluation of Liquefaction Hazards
4.Mitigation Measures

V. Tsunamis

1.Causes and Nature of Tsunamis
2.Damage by Tsunamis
3.Theory of Tsunamis (Tsunami Generation, 4.Propagation, Inundation)
5.Tsunami Hazard Assessment
6.Strategy for Surviving a Tsunami
7.Tsunami Early Warning Systems
8.Lessons Learned from Past Tsunami Disasters

VI. Emergency Responses and Recovery

1.Emergency Management, Search and Rescue
2.Medical Aspects of Earthquake and Tsunami Disasters
3.Shelter, Food and Essential Services
4.Re-Establishing Public Confidence
5.Sectoral Recovery Plan
6.Repairing Economic Damage
7.Physical Reconstruction
8.Housing Policy (Accelerated Reconstruction, Loans and Grants)
9.Turning Reconstruction into Future Protection


VII. Strategies for Earthquake Protection

1. Creating a Safety Culture
2. National Disaster Preparedness Plan
3. Construction ControlBuilding Code Upgrading
Education, and Enforcement
4. Building Stock ManagementBuilding Improvement Grants
5. Influencing Consumer Demand
6. Earthquake Insurance
7. Targeting Weak Buildings
8.Education and Training for Engineers and Other Professions
9. Public Awareness
10.Microzoning and Land-Use Planning
11. Emergency Planning
12. Self-Protection in an Earthquake

VIII. Improving Earthquake Resistance of Buildings

1. Strong and Weak Building Types
2. How Buildings Resist Earthquakes
3. Structural Form and Materials
4. Code of Practice for Engineering Buildings
5. Improving the Resistance of Non-Engineered Buildings
6. Repair and Strengthening Existing Buildings

IX. Loss Estimation, Risk and Vulnerability Analysis

1.GIS-based Loss Estimation, HAZUS
2.Vulnerability Assessment for Buildings, Lifelines, and Other Structures
3.Estimation of Physical Damage
4.Social Losses (Casualties)
5.Economic Losses
6.Application of Loss Estimation





Lecture notes provided by the instructor.


  1. W.F. Chen and C. Scawthorn (2003), Earthquake Engineering Handbook
  2. P.M. Shearer (1999), Introduction Seismology
  3. S. L. Kramer (1996), Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering
  4. A. Coburn and R. Spence, (2002), Earthquake protection
  5. B. Bolt, Earthquake
  6. C.H. Scholz, The Mechanics of Earthquakes and Faultings
  7. H. Tiedemann, Earthquake and Volcanic Eruptions: a Handbook on Risk Assessment
  8. W. Hays, B. Mohammandioun and J. Mohammadioun, Seismic Zonation
  9. T. Pauley and M. J. N. Priestley, Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete and Masonry Buildings
  10. Comite Euro-International Du Beton, RC Frames under Earthquake Loading


  1. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, Elsevier.
  2. Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics, Wiley.
  3. Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE.


The final grade will be computed according to the following weight distribution:

Mid-semester Exam (20%)
Final Exam (40%), and
Assignments/Project Work (30%).

Open-book examination is given in both mid-semester and final exams.