Semester Offering: January

This course covers the strategic environmental assessment (SEA) techniques which encompass broader scope covering urban development as a sector or group of activities. The course contains background information on the development, theories and principles of SEA, existing legislation, practice and regulation on SEA, with examples from different international contexts. The practical aspects of the SEA are addressed in this course, considering SEA as a set of framework elements to be built upon existing decision making systems. It illustrates case studies by implementation of policies, plans and programs (PPP). The course is therefore designed to provide the knowledge and skills for such decision-making for implementing the PPP.


Upon completion of this course, the students will be able to:

1.         Analyze urban environmental data for environmental impact assessment in urban context.
2.         Apply assessment tools for regarding urban and environmental issues.
3.         Apply SEA process for addressing strategic issues in an integrated manner.
4.         Develop a working plan for implementing SEA in specific contexts, sectors, or areas.




I.         Introduction
1.       Basic concept and principles of EA
2.       EA Issues in Developing Countries
3.       Aim and Principles of SEA
II.        Hierarchy of Environmental Assessment
1.        Environmental Impact Assessment
2.        Strategic Environmental Assessment
3.        Integrated Assessment
4.        Suitable applications of SEA in a Program, Plan, or Policy
III.       The SEA Process and Implementation
1.       SEA Procedure for Impact Assessment
2.       Impact Analysis and Prediction
3.       Alternatives and Mitigation of Impacts
4.       Public Consultation for SEA Report
5.       Documentation and Reporting
6.       Monitoring and Evaluation
IV.       Conduct of SEA Study
1.        Methodologies of SEA Study
2.        Legal, Institutional and Theoretical Framework
3.        Cumulative Impacts
V.        SEA and International Experience
1.        SEA Current Practice and Future Directions
2.        International Experience with SEA




1.        Sadler, B., Aschemann, R. and Dusik, J. (ed): (2010). Handbook of Strategic Environmental Assessment, Earthscan, London.
2.        Therivel, R. (2010). Strategic Environmental Assessment in Action, 2nd Edition, Earthscan, UK.


1.         Abaza, H., Bisset, R. and Sadler, B. (2004). Environmental Impact Assessment and Strategic Environmental Assessment: Towards an Integrated Approach, UNEP, Geneva.
2.         Ahmed, K. and Triana, E. S. (2008). Strategic Environmental Assessment for Policies: An Instrument for Good Governance, The World Bank, Washington D.C.
3.         McCabe, M. and Sadler, B. (2006). Studies of EIA Practice in Developing Countries, UNEP, Geneva.
4.         Clayton B. D. and Sadler B.: (2005). Strategic Environmental Assessment: A Sourcebook and Reference Guide to International Experience, Earthscan, London.
5.         David, P. L. (2003). Environmental Impact Assessment: Practical Solutions to Recurrent Problems, Wiley-Interscience, Canada.


1.        Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, World Scientific
2.        Environmental Impact Assessment Review, Elsevier
3.        Environmental Management, Elsevier
4.        Landscape and Urban Planning, Elsevier
1.        OECD (2012). Strategic Environmental Assessment in Development Practice: A Review of Recent Experience.
2.        OEPP (2006). Environmental Impact Assessment in Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Bangkok, Thailand.
3.        OECD (2006). Applying Strategic Environmental Assessment, Guidelines and Reference Series.
4.        OECD (2010). Guidance on Sustainability Impact Assessment, Paris.


·         Lectures                                                       : 40 hours
·         Self-study including required readings        : 90 hours
·         Assignment                                                  : 30 hours
·         Group discussions and presentations         : 15 hours


The teaching and learning methods involves lectures using multimedia presentation slides, discussions and assignments. Instruction manual and lecture outline are used as a base for focus of course delivery. Group discussions and presentation are also conducted. Additional readings are also used to improve classroom discussions and take home assignments.


The final grade will be computed from the following constituent parts: mid- semester exam (30%), final exam (40%), and assignments (20%) and presentation (10%).The mid- semester and final exams are closed book.

An “A” would be awarded if a student can elaborate the knowledge learned in class by presenting his/her own analysis from the relevant journal articles and required readings. A “B” would be awarded if a student shows an overall understanding of all topics, a “C” would be awarded if a student meets below average expectation on both knowledge and analysis, and a “D” would be given if a student does not meet basic expectations in analyzing or understanding the issues presented in the course.