Semester Offering: August

The interdisciplinary and complex nature of urban environmental problems requires basic understanding of science and technological aspects affecting decision making of many professionals including planners and managers. Environmental literacy is challenging due to the complexities of the physical systems that make up the environment, and the roles of individual and institutional decision making with regard to the economy, ways of living, and technology choices. Interactions among the components of the environment including humans are complex and span space and time.  Therefore, the objective of this course is to provide students with an understanding of principles of environmental science, basic atmospheric physics, source of pollutants, engineering and environmental economics that affect environmental decision-making.


Upon the completion of this course, the students will be able to:
1.    Characterize environmental issues and the information relating to environmental science and technology, and acquire the key data needed for decision-making.
2.    Apply basic calculation method, indicator setting, and assessment framework for an individual environmental problem.
3.    Determine the critical point of environmental problem, and apply knowledge concurrence with other disciplines.
4.    Solve environment problem using environmental science and technology.




I.         Introduction to Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology
1.    Successes and Failures of Technology in Relation to Environment
2.    Need for Scientific Thinking
3.    Interdisciplinary and Interregional Nature of Environmental Problems and Actions
4.    Tragedy of the Commons

II.        Nature, Ecosystems vs. Development
1.    Ecosystem and Its Carrying Capacity
2.    Ecological Footprint
3.    Development vs. Environmental Protection

III.        Important Biogeochemical Cycles and Pollution
1.     Carbon Cycle
2.     Nitrogen Cycle
3.     Phosphorus Cycle
4.     Hydrological Cycle

IV.       Population and Urban Ecology
1.    Urban Ecosystem and Environmental Resources
2.    Understanding Population Growth and Problems of Overpopulation
3.    Environmental Effects and Sustainable Urban Development
4.    Global Balances, Consequences, and Solutions
V.        Decision Making on Pollution
1.    Standards: Ambient vs. Effluent/Emission Standards
2.    Health Effects, Risk Models and Assessments
3.    Setting Priority for Action

VI.      Environmental Pollution
1.    Air Pollution
2.    Water Pollution and Water Supply
3.    Noise and Odor Pollution
4.    Solid Waste Disposal and Land Pollution

VII.     Energy, Transport, Industry and the Environment
1.    Industrial Waste and Pollution Control
2.    Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle of Wastes
3.    Energy Consumption and Alternatives
4.    Traffic Congestion and Measures
5.    Effects of Technology on the Environment




No designated textbook, but class notes and handouts will be provided.


1.         Botkin, D. B. and Keller, E. A. (2007). Environmental Science, Earth as a Living Planet, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., MA, (5th Edition).
2.         Chiras, D. D. (2006). Environmental Science, Jones and Baralett Publishers, SadburyMass., MA, (7th edition).
3.         Stanley, E. M. (1997). Environmental Science and Technology, Lewis, Bocaraton, NY.
4.         Antony, J. (2003). Design of Experiments for Engineers and Scientists, Butterworth Heinemann, NY.
5.         Birkeland, J. (2002). Design for Sustainability, Earthscan, VA.
6.         Davis, M. L. and Cornwell, D. A. (2008). Introduction to Environmental Engineering, McGraw-Hill, MA, (4th edition).
7.         Berger, P. D. and Maurer, R. E. (2002). Experimental Design with Applications in Management, Engineering, and the Sciences, CA.
8.         O'Riordan, T. (2000). Environmental Science for Environmental Management, Prentice Hall, Harlow, UK, (2nd edition).


1.      Environmental Technology, Taylor and Francis
2.      Environmental Sciences, Elsevier
3.      Environmental Management, Elsevier

1.      UNHSP. (2007). Enhancing Urban Safety and Security, VA. 
2.      WHO. (2004). Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, Geneva, (3rd Edition).


         Lectures: 45 hours
         Self-study: 90 hours
         Assignments (take home): 45 hours


Teaching and learning methods involves lectures using multimedia presentation slides, discussions and assignments. Instruction manual and lecture outline are used as a base for focus of course delivery.   Additional readings are also used to improve classroom discussions and take home assignments.


The final grade will be computed from the following constituent parts:

Mid-semester exam (30%)
Final exam (30%) and
Assignments (40%)

The mid- semester and final exams are closed book

An “A” would be awarded if a student can elaborate the knowledge learned in class by presenting his/her own analysis from the relevant journal articles and required readings. A “B” would be awarded if a student shows an overall understanding of all topics, a “C” would be awarded if a student meets below average expectation on both knowledge and analysis, and a “D” would be given if a student does not meet basic expectations in analyzing or understanding the issues presented in the course.