Semester Offering: January

NGOs and Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) are playing an increasing role in development. This includes empowering the poor, doing advocacy for their rights, providing services which governments and business have failed. This course aims at generating knowledge about NGOs/CSOs and creating a pool of professionals and researchers who will work in and with NGOs.


On completion of the course the students would be able to:
  • Explain NGO/CSO methods of work
  • Analyse the strengths and weaknesses of NGOs and CSOs,
  • Critically assess the gaps in their service delivery, areas of co-operation between the government NGOs and business.  




I.         NGOs and their Management
1.    NGOs and Civil Society: definitions, contexts and their classification
2.    Development Management and NGO Management
II.        The Rise and Growth of NGOs
1.    Overseas aid and NGOs in the South
2.    NGOs in the North
3.    Transnational Civil Society, Global Civil Society Movement and NGOs
III.       Managing Policies
1.    Donor policies (Multilateral, bilateral, foundations, Northern NGOs)
2.    The ‘New Philanthropy’: Its nature and Characteristics
3.    State policies towards NGOs particularly in developing Asia
4.    Policy management by the NGOs
IV.      Managing NGO Roles
1.    Key roles: Implementers, partners, catalysts
2.    Innovation, effectiveness, evaluation
V.        Managing NGO Relationship
1.    NGOs and communities
2.    NGOs and the state
3.    NGOs and the business sector, CSR and Social business
4.    NGOs and donors
5.    NGOs and international humanitarianism
VI.       Internal NGO Management
1.    Organisational Issues
2.    Capacity building
3.    People working for NGOs: Managing human resources, promoting staff welfare, the People in Aid Code.
VII.     Professionalism in NGO Work
1.    Working with donors, clients, state and media
2.    Preparing information documents (brochures and websites)
3.    Fundraising: The current and future challenges
4.    Preparing project proposals
5.    Evaluating and monitoring projects and reporting to the donors
VIII.    NGOs and Civil society in Developing Asia: Current Trends and Future Prospects.
1.    NGOs and civil society in Developing Asia
2.    NGOs, the state and donors in developing Asia




1.    Fowler, A. and Malunga, C. (2010) (edt.). NGO Management the Earthscan Companion. London: Earthscan.  
2.    Choudry, A and Kapoor, D. (2013). NGOization – Complicity, Contradictions and Prospects. London: Zed Books.


1.    Lewis, D. and Kanji, N. (edt.) (2009). Nongovernmental Organisations and Development. London: Routledge.
2.    Irrera, D. (2013). NGOs, Crisis Management and Conflict Resolution – Measuring the Impact of NGOs on Intergovernmental Organisations. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
3.    Bebbington, A. Hicky, S. and Mitlin, D. (2008). Can NGOs Make a Difference? The Challenge of Development Alternatives. London: Zed Book.


There are many good journals available in the AIT library (both hard copies and online) however the top journals are:

  1.    World Development (Elsevier)
  2.    Development and Change (Wiley)
  3.    Development in Practice (Taylor and Francis)


Lectures (45 hours), self-study 135 hours. Students also need to work for about 10 hours for one assignment.


The teaching and learning methods followed in the course are: lectures, discussions, review of recent publications which include journal articles.


Mid-semester exam 30%, assignments and presentation 30% and final exam 40%. Both exams will be open book. In the examination, an “A” would be awarded if a student can elaborate the knowledge learned in class by giving his/her own analysis on the issues discussed, from journals, books and other sources. A “B” would be awarded if a student has an overall understanding of all topics, a “C” would be given if a student meets below average expectation on both knowledge acquired and analysis. A “D” would be given if a student does not meet the basic expectations in understanding and analyzing the topics and issues presented in the course.