Semester Offering: August

Provide knowledge on issues involved in planning for agricultural development at various scales of analysis, the farm, the region and the nation.


Students would be able to:

       analyze critically factors related to agricultural development; and
       suggest policies and measures conducive to address problems constraining agricultural development.




I.             Agricultural Development and Multi-level Approach to Agricultural Development Planning
1.    Role of Agricultural Development in National, Regional and Rural Development
2.    Relevance of Multi-Level Planning for Agricultural Development
II.            From Agricultural Development to Sustainable Agricultural Development
1.    Conventional Agriculture – Benefits and Costs
2.    Towards Sustainable Agriculture
3.    Issues in Sustainable Agriculture Development
III.           Understanding Small Farmers Decision Making
1.   Theory of Diffusion of Innovations
2.   Small Farmers Decision Making
3.   Usefulness of Indigenous Technical Knowledge
IV.           Agro-Ecological Zonation (AEZ) for Agricultural Development Planning
1.    Relevance of AEZ for Agricultural Development Planning
2.    Criteria for AEZ – Land Capability and Land Suitability
V.            Agricultural Research and Extension
1.    The Relationship between Agricultural Research and Extension
2.    Agricultural Extension Techniques
VI.          Agricultural Credit
1.    Rationale
2.    Experiences in Traditional Credit Policy
3.    New Credit Policies and Experiences
VII.        Agricultural Marketing
1.    Role of Marketing in Agricultural Development
2.    State Intervention in Agricultural Marketing and Experiences
3.    Changing Marketing Policies and Experiences
VIII.         Agricultural Cooperatives and Farmer Groups in Agricultural Development
1.    Role of Agricultural Cooperatives and Farmer Groups in Saving Mobilization, Credit Service and Marketing
2.    Lessons Learned from Agricultural  Cooperatives 




No designated textbook. Soft copies of lecture notes are provided.


1.     R.D. Norton: Agricultural Development Policy: Concepts and Experiences, John Wiley, Chichester, 2004.
2.     J. Pretty (ed.): The Earthscan Reader in Sustainable Agriculture, Earthscan, London, 2005.
3.     F. Ellis: Agricultural Policies in Developing Countries, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1996.
4.     World Bank: World Development Report 2008: Agriculture for Development, World Bank, New York, 2008.


1.     Outlook on Agriculture, Wiley
2.     International Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, Wiley
3.     World Development, Elsevier 


1.     Lecture and discussion: 3 hours/per week
2.     Self-study: 9 hours/week


1.     Lecture and discussion
2.     Self-study


Mid-semester exam 50%; final exam 50%; both closed book. Grades are given based on the depth of understanding of the subject-matter.  Grades are given based on the following criteria:

A     =    In-depth, critical analysis of the subject matter, with a few relevant examples reflecting the innovative ideas.
B+  =    In-depth, critical analysis of the subject matter, reflecting full understanding of the pertinent subject matter.
B     =   Clear explanation of the subject matter but lacking critical analysis.
C+  =    The explanation is appropriate but not in-depth.
C    =    Superficial explanation reflecting a lack of clear understanding of the subject matter.
D    =    Could not provide relevant explanation or analyze the issues correctly.