Semester Offering: InterSem
The course aims to understand various forms of forced migration and trafficking in persons in the Greater Mekong Sub-Region (GMSR), including refugee flows, disaster related migration, labor trafficking, sex slavery and other form of involuntary servitude. It will examine both disaster-related and political forms of forced migration (including statelessness), as well as human trafficking, including why women tend to be particularly vulnerable to involuntary servitude and sex trafficking, and why men are often overlooked as trafficked persons for labor purposes. We will end with a discussion of how policies affect, prevent or cause forced migration and with a presentation of key challenges when conducting research on forced migration and human trafficking.


Students, on completion of this course, are expected to be able to:

      Explain the different forms of forced migration and human trafficking
      Identify policies in the GMSR which enable or constrain forced migration
     Formulate a basic research plan that addresses challenges in conducting research on forced migration and human trafficking




I.         Forced Migration in the Greater Mekong Sub-Region
1.      Presentation of syllabus and course objectives
2.      Overview of Forced Migration as an issue in the GMSR

II.        Forced migration and mobility
1.     Development induced displacement and resettlement (DIDR), Environmental displacees, Gender and Forced Migration
2.     Refugees and IDPs
3.     Stateless People

III.       Human trafficking and smuggling
1.     Human trafficking and smuggling for labor
2.     Sex trafficking

IV.       Forced Migration Policies and Research in the GMSR
1.     Legal instruments and forced migration policies
2.     Challenges in researching forced migration and human trafficking
3.     Research problem/questions exercise and Course review




1.     Castles, Stephen, The International Politics of Forced Migration, Development, Vol. 46, No. 3, September 2003.
2.     Farr, K., Sex Trafficking, New York: Worth Pub, 2005
3.     Forced Migration Review, People trafficking: upholding rights and understanding vulnerabilities, FMR 25, May 2006.
4.     Marfleet, Philip, Refugees in a Global Era, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.


1.    Cernea, Michael M.and McDowell, Christopher (eds.) Risks and Reconstruction: Experiences of Resettlers and Refugees, Washington, DC: World Bank, 2000.
2.    Dang Nguyen Anh and Supang Chantavanich, Uprooting People for their own good? Human displacement, Ressettlement and Trafficking in the Greater Mekong Sub-region, Hanoi: Social Sciences Publishing House, 2004
3.    IOM, Situation Report on International Migration in East and South-East Asia, Regional Thematic Working Group on International Migration including Human Trafficking, IOM: Bangkok, 2008.
4.    Monzini, P., Sex Traffic, Bangkok: White Lotus, 2005 .
5.    Pearson, E., The Mekong Challenge – Human Trafficking: Redefining Demand –Destination factors in the trafficking of children and young women in the Mekong sub-region, Bangkok, International Labour Office, 2005.
6.    Salazar Parrenas, Rhacel, Servants of Globalization: Women, Migration, and Domestic Work, Stanford: SUP, 2001.
7.    UNODC, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, Supplementing the UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime, United Nations, 2000.


Forced Migration Review
Forced Migration Online
Gender, Technology and Development (esp. Vol. 12, No. 1, 2008)
Journal of Human Trafficking
Journal of Refugee Studies
Asian and Pacific Migration Journal


15 hours of lecture. Students are expected to spend at least 8 hours of self-study per week, including required readings.


Lectures and instructor supervised discussions. Powerpoint slides will be used. The course will also include a final course review before final exam. Course material is also available on a Moodle course page.


      one short essay 40% (graded on: quality of analysis, coherence, reference and evidence used, writing skills];
      final exam 60% (entire content -close books).

In the exams, an “A” would be awarded if a student can contextualize the knowledge learned in class by presenting case studies from articles or news, and including required readings in their analysis. A “B” would be awarded if a student shows an overall understanding of all topics, a “C” would be awarded if a student meets below average expectation in terms of analysis, and a “D” would be awarded if a student does not meet basic expectations in analyzing or understanding the issues presented in the course.