Semester Offering: August

To familiarize the students with computer-aided planning methodology for cellular radio access networks.


Introduction to Cellular Network Planning, Radio Propagation Effects and Coverage Planning, Multiuser Interference and Capacity Planning, Computerized Cellular Network Planning Tools.


Cellular Mobile Systems


I. Introduction: Life Cycle of Radio Access Network

  1. Dimensioning
  2. Network Planning
  3. Roll-out and Initial Optimization
  4. Network Optimization during Network Operation
  5. Network Extension

II. Radio Propagation and Path Loss Prediction

  1. Radio Propagation
  2. Multipath Propagation: Path Loss, Slow Fading and Diffraction Losses
  3. Connection Between Coverage and Quality of Service
  4. Cell Radius and Cell Area

III. Cellular CDMA Systems

  1. CDMA Uplink Capacity Equation
  2. CDMA Downlink Capacity Equation
  3. Soft Handover
  4. Power Control
  5. Cell Breathing


  1. Spectrum Allocation for UMTS FDD
  2. UMTS Architecture
  3. Mapping of Higher Layer Channels onto UMTS Physical Channels
  4. UMTS Physical Data Channels
  5. HSDPA
  6. HSUPA

V. Network Dimensioning and Radio Link Power Budgets

  1. What Is a Link Budget?
  2. Base Station Parameters: Node B, antenna cables, masthead amplifier
  3. Antennas
  4. Terminal Parameters
  5. Operational Margins

VI. Digital Maps

  1. Digital Maps, Coordinate Systems and Projections
  2. Digital Maps in Cellular Planning Tools


Cellular network planning demonstrations using the NetAct Planner Tool:

  1. Planning Tool and Digital Maps
  2. Network Planning Project in Planning Tool
  3. Propagation Prediction in Planning Tool 1
  4. Propagation Prediction in Planning Tool 2
  5. Coverage and Interference Analysis in Planning Tool
  6. Load Factor and Cell Capacity in Planning Tool
  7. Powers of Downlink Channels in Planning Tool
  8. Soft Handover and Power Control in Planning Tool
  9. UMTS Carriers, Bearers and Services in Planning Tool
  10. Downlink Common Channels in Planning Tool
  11. Modeling of HSDPA in Planning Tool
  12. Typical Downlink Link Budgets for UMTS Services
  13. Typical Uplink Link Budgets for UMTS Services
  14. Operational Margins in Planning Tool


Lecture Notes


  • H. Holma, A. Toskala:HSDPA/HSUPA for UMTS: High Speed Radio Access for Mobile Communications, John Wiley & Sons, 2006
  • H. Holma, A. Toskala:WCDMA for UMTS: Radio Access for Third Generation Mobile Communications, 3rd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, 2004.
  • J. Laiho, A. Wacker, T. Novosad: Radio Network Planning and Optimisation for UMTS, 2nd Ed., John Wiley & Sons, 2006
  • J.S. Lee and L.E. Miller: CDMA Systems Engineering Handbook. Artech House, 1998.
  • M. Nawrocki, H. Aghvami, M. Dohler: Understanding UMTS Radio Network Modelling, Planning and Automated Optimisation: Theory and Practice. Wiley, 2006.


The final grade will be computed from the following constituent parts:

  • Final exam (70%) and
  • Attendance in lectures and demonstrations (30%).

Open-book examination is used in the exam.