Semester Offering: January

The rationale behind this course is to ensure that the student attains a good understanding of digital cellular mobile systems deployed worldwide, its planning aspects as well as the emerging technologies.



I. Introduction to Cellular Mobile Radio Background and History

  1. Conventional Mobile Radio Versus Cellular Mobile Radio
  2. Features of Cellular Radio
  3. Digital Cellular Radio
  4. Trends in the Use of Cellular Services

II. The Mobile Radio Environment

  1. Multipath Propagation, Path Loss, Doppler Effect, Rayleigh Fading and Rician Fading
  2. Statistics of Slow and Fast Fading
  3. Classification of Channels: Time Dispersion and Frequency-Selective
  4. Fading, Frequency Dispersion and Time-Selective Fading
  5. Diversity Schemes and Combining Techniques

III. Cochannel and Adjacent Channel Interference

  1. Noise-Limited an Interference-Limited Environments
  2. Cochannel Interference
  3. Adjacent Channel Interference
  4. Near-End-To-Far-End Ratio

IV. Cellular Traffic

  1. Channel Assignment
  2. Capacity of Cellular Systems
  3. Trunking Theory
  4. Components of Cellular Systems
  5. Handover

V. The Digital Cellular Environment

  1. Fading Channel Issues in Digital Systems
  2. Signal Processing and Data Formatting
  3. Speech Coding
  4. Channel Coding
  5. Security: Security Mechanisms, Analog Cryptographic Techniques, Digital Cryptographic Techniques: Secret-Key and Public-Key Cryptography

VI. GSM Systems

  1. European, American and Japanese Systems
  2. The GSM System Overview, Mapping of Logical Channels, Speech Channel, Channel Coding and Interleaving, GSM Transmitter and Receiver, Frequency Hopping, Registration, Call Origination, Paging, Handover, Security, DCS1800, Telecommunications Services

VII. CDMA Systems

  1. Overview of Multiple Access Methods
  2. Spread Spectrum Techniques
  3. CDMA Transmission and Reception
  4. Spreading Sequences, Rake Receiver
  5. Near/far problem
  6. Soft Handover
  7. Overlays

VIII. Capacity Analysis of Multiple Access Methods

  1. Spectral Efficiency of FDMA,TDMA and CDMA Systems, The Qualcomm CDMA
  2. Capacity Equation
  3. Bit Rate Capacity of FDMA,TDMA and CDMA Systems in Single-Cell and Multicell Environment
  4. Practical Differences between CDMA and FDMA/TDMA

IX. IS-95 Standard for CDMA Cellular System

  1. Uplink Transmission
  2. Downlink Transmission
  3. Variable Rate Speech Coding Algorithm
  4. Channel Coding and Interleaving, Power Control, Handover Issues, System Access, Call Origination, Security: Authentication, Encryption

X. 3rd Generation CDMA Systems

  1. Radio Interface Technologies of Third Generation Systems
  2. WCDMA: Logical and Physical Channels, CDMA Spreading, Multirate Operation, Packet Data, Handover, Interoperability between GSM and WCDMA
  3. CDMA2000: Logical and Physical Channels, CDMA Spreading, Multirate Operation, Packet Data
  4. Time Division CDMA


I. Introduction

  1. Objectives of Radio Network Planning
  2. Starting Points for The Planning Procedure
  3. Phases of The Planning Procedure

II. Radio Network Definition including Capacity Planning

  1. Frequency Reuse
  2. Prediction of Offered Traffic
  3. Capacity Planning Example

III. Propagation Analysis and Coverage Planning

  1. Multipath Propagation
  2. Path Loss, Hata Model, Walfish-Ikegami Model
  3. Connection Between Coverage and Quality of Service
  4. Radio Link Power Budget: Antenna Feeder Loss, Antenna Gain
  5. Application Example

IV. Frequency Allocation

  1. Regular Frequency Reuse Patterns
  2. Methods Applied in Frequency Planning
  3. Application Example: Simple Frequency Planning Method Using Regular Reuse Patterns, Advanced Frequency Planning Method Using Pairwise Interference Analysis

V. Cellular Network Planning Tools

  1. Digital Maps
  2. Capacity Planning in Radio Network Definition
  3. Propagation Analysis and Coverage Planning: Hata Model and Walfish-Ikegami Model, Morphography, Antenna Height and Topography Corrections
  4. Frequency Allocation
  5. Route Calculations: Comparison of Predicted and Measured Data, Simulation of Calls Along Routes


Lecture Notes, Presentation Slides, and
T. S. Rappaport: Wireless Communications : Principles and Practice , Prentice Hall, 1996


Krzysztof Wesolowski Mobile Communication Systems , John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2002
G. Calhoun: Digital Cellular Radio , Artech House, 1988
J. Gardiner, B. West (Ed.): Personal Communication Systems and Technologies , Artech House, 1995
J. D. Gibson: The Mobile Communications Handbook , CRC Press, 1996
W.C. Jakes, Jr.: Microwave Mobile Communications , John Wiley & Sons, 1974
W.C.Y. Lee: Mobile Cellular Telecommunications: Analog and Digital Systems , McGrawHill, 1995
W.C.Y. Lee: Mobile Communications Design Fundamentals , Howard W.Sams & Co. (Macmillan), 1986
R.C.V. Macario: Personal and Mobile Radio Systems , Peregrinus, 1991, 328 pp.,
A. Mehrotra: Cellular Radio Performance Engineering , Artech House, 1994
A. Mehrotra: Cellular Radio: Analog and Digital Systems , Artech House, 1994
S.M. Redl, M.K. Weber, M.W. Oliphant: An Introduction to GSM , Artech House, 1995
S. Sampei : Applications of Digital Wireless Tech­nologies to Global Wireless Communi­cations , Prentice-Hall Inc. , 1997
R. Steele: Mobile Radio Communications , Pentech Press, 1992
A. J. Viterbi: CDMA: Principles of Spread Spectrum Communication , Addison-Wesley, 1995


IEE Electronics and Communications Journal
IEE Electronics Letter
IEE Proceedings-I Communications, Speech and Vision
IEEE Communications Magazine
IEEE Transactions on Communications
IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology


The final grade will be computed from the following components:
midsem exam (25%),
final exam (50%), and
assignments and projects (25%).
Closed-book examination is normally used in both midsem exam and final exam.