Semester Offering: August

The objective of this course is to provide an understanding of the principle and design of sensors and actuators which are the building blocks for Mechatronics systems.


Upon completion of this course, the students should be able to:
         Comprehend sensing principles of sensors available in the market.
         Apply actuation principles of actuators available in the market.
         Select available sensors/actuators or design new sensors/actuators for real applications.




I.             Sensing Principle
1.      Introduction to Sensing
2.      Static and Dynamic Characteristics of Sensors
3.      Motion and Dimensional Sensors
4.      Force, Torque, and Power Sensors
5.      Pressure and Sound Sensors
6.      Fluid Flow Sensors
7.      Temperature Sensors

II.          Electrical Actuators
1.      Introduction to Electro-Magnetic Principle
2.      Classification of Electrical Actuators
II.          Electrical Actuators (continued)
3.      DC Motors and Modeling
4.      DC Motor Drivers
5.      AC Motors and Modeling
6.      AC Motor Drivers
7.      Stepper Motors and Modeling
8.      Stepper Motor Drivers

III.       Hydraulic and Pneumatic Actuators
1.      Description of Fluid Behavior
2.      Hydraulic Actuator and System
3.      Pneumatic Actuator and System


         Positional Resistance Transducers
         Wheatstone Bridge Measurements
         Temperature Sensor
         Light Measurements
         Linear Position and Force Applications
         Environmental Measurements
         Rotational Speed or Position Measurement
         Sound Measurements
         Operational Amplifier and Basic Operational Amplifier
         Inverting Amplifier – DC Operation
         Inverting Amplifier – Alternating Input
         Integrator; Non-Inverting Amplifier
         Summing Amplifier
         Difference Amplifier
         Comparator Circuits
         Logarithmic Scales and Simple RC Filters
         LC Band Pass Filter
         Low Pass p Filter
         Twin T Notch Filter
         Active Filters – 1
         Active Filters – 2
         Composite Filters
         Switched Capacitor Filters


Lecture Notes will be provided.


1.     K. Brindley, Sensors and Transducers, Heinemann Newnes, 1989.
2.     J. W. Dally, W. F. Riley, and K.G. Mcconnell: Instrumentation for Engineering Measurements, 2nd edition, John Wiley & Sons Inc., 1993.
3.     E. O. Doebelin: Measurement Systems Application and Design, 5th edition, McGraw-Hill, 2003.
4.     P. Hauptmann: Sensors, Principles & Application, Prentice Hall, 1993.
5.     J.L. Jones and A.M. Flynn: Mobile Robots, Inspiration to Implementation, AK Peters, 1999.
6.     R.D. Klafter, T.A. Chmielewski, and M. Negin: Robotic Engineering, An Integrated Approach, Prentice-Hall International Edition, 1989.
7.     Y. Koren: Robotics for Engineers, McGraw-Hill International Edition, 1987.
8.     W. Stadler: Analytical Robotics and Mechatronics, McGraw-Hill International Edition, 1995.


1.     IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, IEEE
2.     IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, IEEE
3.     Mechatronics, Elsevier
4.     International Journal of the Japan Society for Precision Engineering, JSPE
5.     Journal of Instrumentation and Control Engineers, i-manager publications


Lectures: 30 hours
Laboratory sessions: 45 hours
Self study: 90 hours


Methods used are lectures, laboratory work and class exercises.


Mid semester examination (40%), final examination (40%) (both are opened book), laboratory sessions and exercises (20%).

In the evaluation, an “A” will be awarded if a student demonstrates an excellent level of understanding of the principles and demonstrates excellent capabilities in sensing and actuation related applications.

“B” will be awarded if a student demonstrates an average level of understanding of the principles and demonstrates average capabilities in sensing and actuation related applications.

“C” will be given if a student demonstrates below average level of understanding of the principles and demonstrates below average level of capabilities in sensing and actuation related applications.